Yunnan Coffee Farms
Yunnan Coffee Farms are distributed in Puer, Xishuangbanna, Wenshan, Baoshan and Dehong and other places in the south and southwest of Yunnan. China has been producing coffee ever since French missionaries brought the first coffee sapling from Vietnam to Yunnan’s Binchuan County in 1902. The large-scale planting of Yunnan coffee was in 1955, with a planting scale of 4,000 hectares. By the end of 1997, the Yunnan Province’s coffee planting area had reached 7,800 hectares. At present, Yunnan Province’s planting area accounts for 70% of the national area, and the output of Yunnan Coffee accounts for 83% of China. Yunnan coffee has established its dominant position in China, both in terms of acreage and coffee yield.
Top Coffee Farms in Yunnan
The western and southern parts of Yunnan Province are located between 15° north latitude and the Tropic of Cancer. Most of the areas are 1000-2000 meters above sea level. The terrain is dominated by mountains and slopes. The unique natural conditions, namely, fertile land, abundant sunshine, abundant rainfall and large temperature difference, form the special taste of Yunnan small-grain coffee taste – thick but not bitter, incense and not strong, slightly fruity.
1. Coffee Farms in Puer
Puer City is most famous for its tea, while its coffee planting area has reached 789,000 mu and coffee bean production has reached 586,600 tons, with a total output value of 2.469 billion yuan, which has become the largest coffee planting base in Yunnan. Its climate, geography and soil conditions are unique for growing coffee. It has become the main coffee producing area and coffee trade distribution center with the largest coffee planting area, the highest yield and the best quality in mainland China.
There are 54 townships (towns) growing coffee in 9 counties and 1 District of Puer City. It is known as “the capital of Chinese Coffee”. In addition to being the main coffee producing area in China, Pu’er coffee is also exported to more than 30 countries and regions in America, Europe and Asia.
2. Coffee Farms in Lincang
Lincang City is located in the southwest of Yunnan Province. The Tropic of Cancer runs through the south. It is adjacent to Pu’er in the east, Dali in the north, Baoshan in the west, and Myanmar in the southwest. It is named Lancang River and is a bright pearl in the southwest border of China. The annual average temperature in Lincang is between 16.8 and 17.2 C. The dry and wet season is obvious and the sunshine is abundant.
Lincang has become the focus of many coffee enterprises because of its unique geographical location and climatic conditions. In Mengding Town of Gengma Autonomous County, and Lincang Happy Farm, 200 mu and 100 mu high-quality coffee seedling bases have been established respectively, and coffee planting has been carried out in Gengma, Zhenkang, Yunxian, Cangyuan and Yongde.
3. Coffee Farms in Dehong
Dehong Prefecture, as one of the main coffee producing areas in Yunnan Province, is one of the earliest coffee growing areas in Yunnan Province. According to historical records, small-grain coffee has been introduced into Nongxian Village of Dehong Prefecture since 1914. The coffee planting history has lasted for hundreds of years. Dehong Prefecture also has the largest coffee seed gene bank in China, Ruili Coffee Germplasm Resource Garden of the Ministry of Agriculture, which is the first batch of nine tropics awarded by the Ministry of Agricul One of the crop germplasm resources nurseries. Coffee planting in Dehong Prefecture is mainly small-grain coffee, which has set a national record of 363.5 kilograms of coffee beans per unit area (coffee beans average yield in China is about 80-100 kilograms per mu).
The coffee planting altitude in Dehong Prefecture is over 1,000 meters. Among them, 30,000 Mu is planted in the mountains above 1,600 meters. Additionally, Dehong Prefecture mainly uses organic fertilizer and organic pesticides to grow coffee. The coffee produced in Dehong Prefecture is of high quality and is one of the world’s rare producers of high-quality coffee.
4. Coffee Farms in Baoshan
Baoshan coffee in Yunnan has a long history of cultivation. It is a national geographical indication product and one of the coffees with good quality both nationally and globally. Baoshan has an average temperature of 21.5 C, up to 40.4 C. It is basically frost-free all the year round, and is recognized as the best origin of small coffee. The small coffee bred here is famous for its strong but not bitter, fragrant but not strong, well-proportioned granules, mellow fragrance and fruity taste.
The local famous Lujiangba coffee is of excellent quality. In recent years, with the expansion of international trade, Lujiangba coffee is more famous. Europe, America, Arab countries, especially the United Kingdom, the United States, Egypt, Hong Kong and Macao businessmen regard it as the top coffee products.
Travel Tips for Yunnan Coffee
Yunnan has long been known for growing high-quality black tea. But in the past few years, traders, roasters, cafe owners and connoisseurs are discovering that Yunnan is also a source of coffee beans noted for their sweet flavor. Growing affluence and a young market attuned to Western trends have created a cafe culture in what was once a predominantly tea-drinking country. The Seattle-based coffee chain Starbucks has over 3,000 outlets across China. Other international and homegrown cafes are following Starbucks, hoping to cash in on the lucrative cafe market.