Dehong Coffee Planting and Production
Significance of Dehong Coffee
Dehong coffee planting is mainly arabica coffee, which has set a national record for a yield of 363.5 kg of coffee beans. As of the 2016/2017 production season, the area of coffee in Dehong Prefecture has grown to 270,000 mu, and the output of fresh fruit has been 250,000 tons.At the first Asian Coffee Annual Meeting held on November 18, 2016, the Asian Coffee Annual Meeting was permanently settled in Dehong Mang, Yunnan.
Dehong Hougu is China’s first local coffee brand. Its coffee products have been exported to more than 50 countries and regions including the United Kingdom, the United States, South Korea, and Singapore.
On February 20, 2017, Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Yi praised Hougu Coffee at the “Glamorous Yunnan to Share with the World” global promotion event: “The coffee brand I just drank was called Hougu. I am not exaggerating this coffee. I have travelled the world and drank almoste every kind of coffee. This is the best I have ever drank. “
Dehong Coffee Planting and Production
The First Place to Introduce Coffee in Mainland China
Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world today, with over 1.5 billion cups consumed daily worldwide. Yunnan is an important coffee production base in the world, and when we look back at the history of coffee planting in Yunnan, it is generally believed that Euras Hansen, a missionary who preached at the border between China and Burma at the end of the 19th century, and Germany Hong Jingpo area is the earliest place to introduce coffee in mainland China.
Beginning and Development of Coffee Planting and Production
In 1951, Dehong Prefecture Luxi Cotton Farming Station introduced coffee seeds for productive cultivation for the first time.
In 1956, the Dehong Prefecture Party Committee decided to vigorously develop coffee in the whole state, and held coffee planting technology training courses in the whole state, so that small grain coffee has been generally developed throughout the state. In 1958, Dehong Prefecture established a state coffee production base in Mangshi, carried out research on coffee planting technology and disease and insect pest control technology, and overcame topics such as coffee selection, high-yield cultivation, and control of pests and diseases, so that scientific coffee planting technology can be used by all ethnic groups It gained popularity.
In 1960, the area of coffee plantation in the whole state reached 15,000 mu, with an output of more than 40 tons.
Falling of Dehong Coffee Planting and Production
In 1966, the production volume of coffee beans in the whole state reached more than 100 tons. Due to the impact of falling prices in the international market and poor sales, coupled with the “cultural revolution”, scientific research and production were severely setbacks. Most of the land where coffee was originally grown is barren.
Rise of Dehong Coffee Planting and Production
After the implementation of reform and opening up policy, the domestic and foreign coffee market demand has increased, and farms and the masses in Yingjiang and Luxi have begun to vigorously develop the cultivation of Dehong arabica coffee, producing a total of dry coffee beans and obtaining good economic benefits. In deepening the rural economic reform and adjusting the industrial structure and product structure, the Dehong Prefecture Party Committee and State Government have formulated the advantages of the hot zone and followed the path of developing a distinctive economy. The development of Dehong arabica coffee as an important project for the development of green industries has now formed a large-scale production and planting base.
In the “zoning of tropical crop planting industry in Yunnan Province”, Dehong Prefecture is listed as the best suitable area for arabica coffee growth.Dehong also has China’s largest coffee seed gene bank, Ruili Coffee Germplasm Resource Nursery of the Ministry of Agriculture, and is one of the first batch of 9 tropical crop germplasm resource nurseries awarded by the Ministry of Agriculture.
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Edited by Ziwei Chen/陈紫薇