Puer Overview

Puer has a long history before 109 BC. It is located in the southwest of Yunnan Province. It is adjacent to Honghe and Yuxi in the east, Xishuangbanna in the south, Dali and Chuxiong in the north. It is bordered by Vietnam and Laos in the southeast and Myanmar in the southwest. Puer City was once an important station on the Ancient Tea-Horse Road. Due to the subtropical monsoon climate, most of the area is frost-free throughout the year. It is one of the important producing areas of the famous Puer Tea and one of the largest tea-producing areas in China. Puer Overview introduces the basic information for you to have a better Puer Tour.

Basic Information of Puer


The mountains in Pu'er City are ups and downs, and the mountain area in the whole area accounts for 98.3%. The Tropic of Cancer crosses the central part of Pu'er City. Due to its location near the Tropic of Cancer, it is affected by topography and altitude. The vertical climate is obvious. The altitude is between 376 and 3,306 meters. It is the same latitude as Cuba in North America and Taiwan Province in China.


Enjoying a plateau monsoon climate at low latitude, Puer Climate is affected by the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Therefore, the main features of its weather are mildness and humidity without strong wind. It has a wet season and a dry season. November is the rainy season, and the temperature is high. The annual average temperature of the city is usually between 15.3℃ and 20.2℃. Due to the complex terrain, it presents a typical highland climate with great difference during a day and slight difference throughout the year. As one of the important destinations in the classical Yunnan Travel, Puer is a place that is suitable to visit all year around.

Best Time to Visit Puer

It is suitable to visit Puer in the spring and autumn. Like many other cities in Yunnan, Puer is a place where the seasons are like spring. There is no cold, no heat, warm and humid, especially suitable for human habitation. May-October is the rainy season of Puer. Therefore, the best time to visit Puer is spring and autumn.

Administrative Divisions

Puer City has jurisdiction over 1 municipal district and 9 autonomous counties.


Before 109 BC, the present Puer was the southern boundary of the Ancient Dai Country “Mengdaguang(勐达光)”(Ailao Country in Chinese). In 109 BC, the Han Dynasty conquered the Dian State(滇国) and the Kunming and other tribes in Yizhou County, and the forces were extended into the "Mengdaguang" (Ailao Country). Buwei(不韦), Xitang(嶲唐), Bisu(比苏), Xielong(邪龙), Yeyu(叶榆) and other counties (bases) were assigned to Yizhou County.

More about History of Puer


Puer Ethnic Culture is diverse and colorful. Itis a place where multi-ethnic groups inhabit. Different nationalities create different culture. As one of the important destinations in the classical Yunnan Travel and a multi-ethnic place, Puer is home to 14 ethnic groups, such as Hani, Yi, Lahu, Wa and Dai. Each ethnic minority there has its own unique customs, traditions and architectural styles, making Puer picturesque place. You will have the chance to experience the life of minorities people, learn about their lifestyle, religion and cuisine. The unique scenery, coupled with fascinating Puer Ethnic Culture makes it attractive and charming. Come to Puer and take a Puer Cultural Tour.


Puer Transportation, to some extent, is strongly linked to Puer Tours. As a famous tourist attraction in China, Puer has the best transport network compared with other sightseeing places in China. At present, the main transportation methods in Puer are consisted of airplane, buses and so on. Puer has an extensive public transport system, largely based on buses,taxis. Therefore, it is very convenient to get to Puer by air, long-distance bus.

More about Puer Transportation

Things to Do in Puer

When you come to Puer, do not worry what to do in Puer. Puer Attractions are abundant and are full of all kinds, including natural sceneries, human sceneries and villages where you can experience the rich ethnic culture. Pu’er is well-known for Pu’er Tea and boasts its abundant tourist resources. Trace back to the Ancient Tea Horse Road to discover the ancient commerce culture. Trek up to the Mt. Ailaoshan and Mt. Wuliang and seize the beauty of the grand mountain view. Stretch your way to Hani Earthen Houses in Mojiang and Nayun Ancient Town in Menglian County where maintain a old life style and architectural style to experience the most natural, simple minorities daily lives. The beauty of Pu’er is beyond the words and you definitely will be enchanted by its charm. What's more, Puer is a place suitable for traveling and in-depth exploration. Under the background of long history, numerous ethnic groups and unique natural conditions, Puer is the best place to experience the rich ethnic culture. There are a number of places of historical interest and natural scenic spots in Puer for your exploration. Come to Puer and take a unique Puer Tour for your Yunnan Travel.

Top Attractions in Puer

Puer, a place with long history, is always a heaven for many people all over the world. Puer is also a perfect destination for people who want to seek for antiquity, explore the fascinating natural sceneries. When you come to Puer, the top attractions in Puer are must-visit. Puer, known as a land of wonders, both natural and man-made, will make you forget to leave.


In 2017, Pu'er City achieved a total production value of 62.559 billion yuan, with an increase of 10.5% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 15.981 billion yuan, up 6.2% over the previous year. The added value of the secondary industry was 22.289 billion yuan, up 12.0%. The added value of the tertiary industry was 24.189 billion yuan. The three industrial structures were adjusted from 26.83:34.43:38.74 of the previous year to 25.59:35.68:38.73. The per capita GDP of the city was 23,821 yuan, an increase of 10.0% over that of the previous year. The added value of the non-public economy was 26.348 billion yuan, accounting for 42.2% of the city's GDP, down 0.3 percentage points from the previous year.

Natural Resources

Mineral Resources

Pu'er City was once an important post on the Ancient Tea Horse Road. It is one of the important producing areas of the famous Pu'er tea and one of the largest tea producing areas in China. Pu'er is rich in natural resources. The proven gold reserves are 103.7 tons; the iron reserves are only 2.1 billion tons of Huimin iron ore; the copper reserves are 2.53 million tons; and the lead reserves are 355,000 tons. The Jiangcheng Potash Mine is the only soluble solid potash mine in the country with the reserves of more than 20 million tons.

Water Resources

Pu'er City has a water energy reserve of 15 million kilowatts and is an important base for “West-to-East Power Transmission”.

Plant Resources

Pu'er City has a forest coverage rate of over 67%, a tea garden of 3.18 million mu, and two national and four provincial nature reserves. It is the epitome of Yunnan's “Animal and Plant Kingdom” and one of the most bio-diversified areas in the country; It is the largest oasis on the Tropic of Cancer and is called "the paradise of the world, the world of paradise" by the United Nations Environment Programme. The area of forestry land in Pu'er City is 46.56 million mu, which is a key forest area in Yunnan Province, an important commodity timber forest base and a forestry industrial base.