Yuxi culture is diverse and colorful, featuring the folk culture of the ethnic minorities including Yi, Hani, Dai, Hui, Bai, etc. Yuxi is the birth place of ancient Dian culture where there is Paleontological fossil coenosis in Chengjiang, bronze ware of Lijia Mountain. There are also various festivals of ethnic groups which will help you to understand Yuxi better.
History of Yuxi City
Yuxi city boasts a long history. During the Western Han Dynasty (202BC-8), Yuxi was called Yuyuan County. Then, the city was named Wenfu Prefecture in the Tang Dynasty and Xinxing Prefecture in the Yuan Dynasty. One of the source of the Pearl River — Yuxi River (commonly known as “Zhouda River”) streams across the downtown of Yuxi. The crystal-clear river flows through the fields like a jade belt. “Yuxi” the current name was given in 1916 because of the local hydrological characteristics.
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Ethnic Groups in Yuxi
Yuxi enjoys diverse ethnic minorities and splendid ethnic culture. In 2016, number of ethnic minorities accounted for 34.4% of the total population. Yi, Hani, Dai, Hui, Bai, Mongolian, Miao and Lahu ethnic groups are the indigenous ethnic minorities.
Yuxi Food Culture
Sour and spicy are the favorite tastes of Yuxi people. Famous dishes in Yuxi are Spicy Chicken Soup with Herbs, Mushroom Feast, Roasted duck, Jiangchuan Stewed Dish, and famous snacks in Yuxi City inlcude Crystal Preserved Fruits, Cool Rice Noodles and Iced Porridge etc. Special Local Products: Tonghai bean powder candy, sesame pieces, Yuxi dried rice noodles, etc.
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Religion Culture in Yuxi
The Hui people in Yuxi are the major followers of the Islam. Tonghai County of Yuxi City is also famous for its Muslim culture. Muslim culture in Yuxi gains sound development. There are many mosques in Yuxi, with Yuxi Mosque and Tonghai Mosque being the most popular ones. Our Yuxi Muslim Tours will guide you to visit the famous mosques in Yuxi and taste Halal food in Muslim restuarants, for a better understanding of Yuxi Muslim culture.
Daoism has been integrated with the religions of all ethnic groups in Yunnan since its introduction to this colorful land. It has deeply and extensively penetrated into the life customs of all ethnic groups in Yunnan, thus forming an important part of Yunnan's traditional culture. Dongjing Daoism Musim is one of the representatives of the Daoism culture. Gaogu Tower in Yuxi City is recommended for your Daoism culture tour.
The Dai people in Yuxi are the major followers of Buddhism. There are many temples in Yuxi for you to explore the Buddhism culture, with the Yuquan Temple being the most popular one.
Yuxi Folk Culture
Huagu Dance of Yi
Huagu Dance was introduced into Eshan in the late Qing Dynasty (1898) and became popular throughout the county during the Republic of China. As one of the traditional cultural expressions created by the Yi people, the Huagu Dance has become an indispensable spiritual nourishment for Yi families to be happy and inspiring. The Eshan Huagu Dance was originally used for funerals and sacrificial ceremonies. Now it is widely used in folk activities such as weddings and funerals, foundation laying, completion of new houses and sacrificial ceremonies. It has now become the main content of ceremonial and square performances.
Zhewan Calligraphy and Paintings
Zhewan is a natural village in Sijie Town, Tonghai County of Yuxi City. Zhiwan Village has beautiful mountains and clear waters which has nurtured outstanding people and scholars in all dynasties. People living there has always been adhering to an excellent tradition of advocating calligraphy and painting, loving collection and paying equal attention to farming and reading. In order to carry forward the tradition and enrich rural cultural life, in 1994, Zhewan held the first ancient and modern calligraphy and painting exhibition in the village, displaying 145 works and more than 1,000 visitors, which attracted the attention of relevant departments in local.
Lantern Song and Dance
Yuxi lantern(玉溪花灯) is a kind of Han folk art. It was formed by the Han nationality in the Ming Dynasty and the soldiers and the people in the south of the Yangtze River who emigrated to Yuxi. At that time, they mainly sang Jiangnan minor songs. Yuxi lantern is one of the most influential regional branches in Yunnan Province, which is mainly spread in Hongta District of Yuxi City.
Ethnic Towns in Yuxi
- Lishan Yi Ethnic Township
- Gaoda Dai and Yi Ethnic Township
- Xingmeng Mongolian Ethnic Township
- Anhua Yi Ethnic Town of Jiangchuan District
- Tonghongdian Yi and Miao Ethnic Town of Huaning
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Traditional Ethnic Villages in Yuxi
- Dabinglangyuan Village
- Nanhao Village
- Erzhang Village
- Dapingzhang Village
- Yuguo Village
- Ximuchi Village
- Wanyao Village
- Niguo Shangzhai Village
- Xingmeng Mongolian Village
- Damuyu Huayao Dai Ethnic Culture Village
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Festivals are a major feature of ethnic minorities. Beside the nation-wide festivals like Spring Festival and Dragon Boat Festival, there are many ethnic festivals and local theme events in Yuxi, such as New Year Festival of Yi, Water Splashing Festival of Dai and Yimen Wild Edible Mushroom Fair, etc.
Intangible Cultural Heritages in Yuxi
Rich and diverse ethnic culture is the source of the intangible cultural heritages in Yuxi, such as Dongjing Daoism Musim, Huagu Dance of Yi, Jiujixian Sacrafice of Hani and Rituals of Life Cycle of Dai, etc.
- Yunnan Intangible Cultural Heritages
- Intangible Cultural Heritages in Yuxi
- Inheritors of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Yuxi
Yunnan Culture Tours including Yuxi
Our Culture Tours and Minority Discovery Tours will guide to explore the diverse and colorful culture in Yuxi. Choose the following ones or contact us to customize one for you.
- 13 Days Yunnan Muslim Culture Discovery Tour
- 2 Days Jianshui Ancient Architecture Tour from Kunming
- 2 Days Xinping County Tour with Huayaodai Ethnic People and Ailaoshan Mountain Discovery