Yuxi Overview

This is the Yuxi overview. Endowed with pleasant climate, Yuxi is rich in crops and tobacco leaves, hence its honor 'Barn of Middle Yunnan Province' and 'Hometown of Yunnan Tobacco'. Yuxi Cigarette Company (Hongta Group) has become a famous cigarette making company. Its product brands such as Hongtashan, Ashima and Hongmei have been popular for many years in China.

1.Basic information

Chineses name: 玉溪

Location: Middle of Yunnan 

Language: Southwestern Mandarin - Yunnan Dialect

Population: 2, 500,000

 Nationalities: Han, Yi, Miao, Hani, Dai, Hui

Area: 15,285 square kilometers

Zip code: 653300

Area code: 0877

2.Geographical Location

Yuxi is located in the center of Yunnan province, about 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Kunming, the provincial capital. Like much of the central and eastern parts of the province, it is part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.The area is 15,285 km2 (5,902 sq mi) and the population is approximately 2.5 million.


The area also has beautiful natural sceneries and colorful cultures. Various festivals, dances, musics and folk cultures of different ethnic minority groups should not be missed when traveling here. In addition, it is the hometown of Nie Er (1912-1935), the famous musician who has wrote many revolution songs including China's present national anthem


Yuxi city boasts a long history. During the Western Han Dynasty (202BC-8), Yuxi was called Yuyuan County. Then, the city was named Wenfu Prefecture in the Tang Dynasty and Xinxing Prefecture in the Yuan Dynasty. One of the source of the Pearl River — Yuxi River (commonly known as “Zhouda River”) streams across the downtown of Yuxi. The crystal-clear river flows through the fields like a jade belt. “Yuxi” the current name was given in 1916 because of the local hydrological characteristics.

5.Administrative Division

Yuxi has jurisdiction over 9 subdivisions: 2 Districts, 4 Counties, 3 Ethnic Counties.

Hongta District(红塔区), Jiangchuan District(江川区), Chengjiang County(澄江县), Tonghai County(通海县), Yuxi County(华宁县), Yimen County(易门县), Eshan Yi Autonomous County(峨山彝族自治县), Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County(新平彝族傣族自治县), Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County(元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县).

6.Ethnic Groups

Due to numerous wars and polices during the long history, Yuxi has already turned a City which all kinds of ethnic groups living happy life together. Now there are Huayaodai, Mongolians, Yi, Hui, Miao ethnic minorities who are the most dominant ethnic groups in Yuxi City.


Tempered by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Yuxi has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with short, mild, dry winters, and warm, rainy summers. Frost may occur in winter but the days still generally warm up to around 17 °C (63 °F). During summer, a majority of the days features some rainfall, and daytime temperatures rise to 26 °C (79 °F). A great majority of the year's rainfall occurs from June to October.

8.Best Time to Visit 

Yuxi gets lots of sun and has a pleasant, mild climate.It is neither hot in summer nor cold in winter. It feels a bit like spring all year around since the Tropic of Cancer crosses the region. The average temperature is between 16 to 24°C. People can go to Yuxi in every season, for the different seasons have their unique scenaries for people to choose and people can have a good tour to Yuxi.


The total mileage of highways and roads have reached 15113 kilometers, of which 232.7 kilometers are highways and the annual transport capacity of passengers and freight reached 10.316 million and 20.568 million respectively. The post and telecom industry took a step forward. The total telephone installation capacity reached 0.523 million. 0.406 million people own mobile phones. By the end of 2004, 111560 people were registered to use the Internet, of whom 29544 were broad band users and 82016 were narrow band users.


Sour spicy is the favorite taste of Yuxi people. So dishes here are kind of spicy and sour. Famous dishes here are Spicy chicken soup with herbs on Yudai Road, Roasted duck on Daying Street, Cold Rive Noodles, Ice Porridge etc.Special Local Products: Tonghai bean powder candy; sesame pieces; Yuxi dried rice noodles; 'three treasures' on Mt. Yuanlao (beet, Citou Cai-a kind of potherb with thorns and Yangnai Cai (a kind of potherb with sheep-milk-like juice).

11.Top Attractions

There are some attractions in Yuxi City for people to visit, which are Yuanjiang River, Shigaoqing Scenic Area, Nanxi Primitive Forest, Miaolian Temple, Honghe River Bridge, Honghegu Ecological Agriculture Sightseeing Garden and Yuanjiang National Nature Reserve, Take Village and Take Cliff Painting, Ailao Rice Terraces and Nanuo Rice Terraces, Fuxian Lake, Longma Karst Cave in Xiaoshiqiao Yi Nationality Township or Gaoxiang Organic Tea Plantations, the hometown of hot spring, Huaning, primary forests in Xinping, Yuanjiang River, the hometown of wild edible mushroom, Yimen and drifting in Jinsanxia Scenic Area.