Bingzhongluo Scenic Area, Nujiang
Bingzhongluo, which is called 'A Heaven of Peace and Happiness', is the most beautiful place in Nujiang Grand Canyon. It represents the southernmost extent of the Tibetan culture, and the northernmost extent of Han Chinese influence in the valley.
Attraction Type: Traditional Town
Chinese Name: 丙中洛(Pinyin: Bingzhongluo)
Best Time to Visit: From October to next April
Recommended Visiting Time: 2-3 Days
Open Hours: All the Day
Admission Fee: CNY 100
Altitude: 5,128 meters
Location: 43 kilometers north of Gongshan Autonomous County of Dulong Nationality, Nujiang, Yunnan
Why is Bingzhongluo So Special?
Bingzhongluo, which is called ‘A Heaven of Peace and Happiness’, is the most beautiful place in Nujiang Grand Canyon. When you walk on the Tea Horse Road of millennium, see the roaring Nujiang River running among the steep cliff and deep valley, splendid church and temple, tranquil villages, thick forest and towering snow mountain, you may lose yourself in the wonderful landscape.
Where is Bingzhongluo – Location
Bingzhongluo is located in the north of Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County of Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture, which is the core area of “three parallel river” formed by three mountains (Gaoligong mountain, Nushan mountain and Yunling mountain) in northwest Yunnan and three river (Nujiang river, Lancang river and Jinsha river).
History and Culture
Bingzhongluo is a place where multiple religions coexist and live harmoniously. There are Lamaism, Catholicism, Christianity and the folk religion that integrates primitive religion and Tibetan Buddhism, etc. Originally Bingzhongluo was the place where the Nu people lived. In the Daoguang period of the Qing dynasty, Tibetan Buddhism was brought into bingzhongluo by Tibetan lama and took root in it. After that, Tibetan people gradually migrated from Tibet, Deqin and Zhongdian(Shangrila) and became the main residents here.
Bingzhongluo represents the southernmost extent of the Tibetan culture, and the northernmost extent of Han Chinese influence in the valley. The local population includes Nu and Lisu people, as well as some Dulong. Even a Christian community exists, boasting a sizeable church down the hill from the town proper – but to get there you first have to pass by a Tibetan stupa.
How to Get There?
The only access to Bingzhongluo by road is from the south via Liuku, Fugong and Gongshan. A direct bus to Liuku leaves at 8 am every morning from the front of Yudong Hotel. It stops briefly at Gongshan, then long enough at Fugong for a quick lunch. Two buses leave from Liuku at 6:20 and 8:20, arriving in Bingzhongluo in the afternoon. The trip takes 8 hours though schedules sometimes vary so it’s best to check before buying your ticket.
Yunnan Exploration Travel can provide the car-rental service for our clients with good vehicle and skilled driver.
The First Gulf of Nujiang River(怒江第一湾)
When Nujiang River flows through Ridan Village of Bingzhongluo, it is obstructed by Wangqing Grand Cliff so that Nujiang River is forced to flow in east-west trend instead of north-south trend. After running 300 meters, Nujiang River is cut off by Danla Mountain so it turn round from west to east. Hence the half-round gulf of Nujiang River.
In the north of Bingzhongluo, two cliff straight up along the river bank and form a large stone pass in the height of 500 meters and in the width of 200 meters hence the name ‘Shimen Pass’. Shimen Pass is a stunning landscape lying on a beautiful slope along the river bank. The local people call it ‘Nayiqiang’. It is the essential way to get into Yunnan-Tibet.
It is the last village on the north end of the Nu river valley, as it continues north into Tibet, so it’s also the only route into Tibet. Qiunatong canyon is the most beautiful part of the Nujiang grand canyon, covered with dense virgin forest and numerous waterfalls.
Kantong village is located in the center of the First Gulf of Nujiang River. It is a little village of Nu people and Kantong means a place of long bamboo. The village is planted with peach trees. Every Spring, the peach blossoms pervade the village so that the local people call it ‘Peach Blossom Island’. There is the only suspension bridge that connects the village to the outside world.
Puhua Temple, a Tibetan Buddhist temple, plays an important role in this place. Inside the temple, there are 11 frescoes and 2000 ‘Songji’ in total.
Chongding Catholic Church(重丁教堂)
Zhongding Catholic Church is the most famous church in Bingzhongluo, built in 1904 and founded by a Frech missionary. There is a simple tomb behind the church where the founder missionary is buried.
Gongdang Holy Mountain(贡当神山)
Gongdang means white lion because its skyline shapes like a lion. Half up the hill, there are two viewing deck, one of which can overlook Bingzhongluo and another can overlook the First Gulf of Nujiang River.
Gawa Gapu Snow Mountain(嘎娃嘎普雪山)
‘Gawa Gapu’ means high snow mountain. With the altitude of 5128 meters, it is the highest peak in Bingzhongluo and Nujiang. As one of the most remote place in China, few people will come here so that the landscape is natural and wonderful here. On the foot of the snow mountain, there are villages of Dulong people and Nu people.
Recommended Hiking Route
There are easy and beautiful walks to nearby villages along the Nujiang.
Government Seat – Fota – Chongding Village(Catholic Church) – Huangjin Cave – Mani Stones – Shimen Pass – Sijitong – Wuli – Nidadang – Qiunatong – Naiqluo
Government Seat – Xiangbala Site – Pamunai Fairy Cave – Gemaluo River – Dongfeng Christian Church – Puhua Temple – Chongding Village(Catholic Church) – Huangjin Cave – Mani Stones – Shimen Pass – Sijitong – Wuli – Nidadang – Qiunatong – Naiqluo
Government Seat – Zidang Lake – The First Gulf of Nujiang River – Dala – Chala River
Best Time to Go
From October to April is the best tourism season. In October, shirts and coats will do. The Nujiang river in Spring Festival is the most beautiful season when the Biluo Snow Mountain is covered with white snow, and the water of the Nujiang river is gentle whose color is like jasper. In the spring, the flowers are in bloom. Summer is hot and rainy.
Accommodate at Bingzhongluo
Liuku is the capital of Nujiang Prefecture. There are many guesthouses and the accommodation conditions are quite good. Fugong county and Gongshan county also can provide accommodation for tourists. Or you can live in the farmer’s house.
Biluo Snow Mountain
Biluo Snow mountain is one of the major mountain ranges in Hengduan Mountain in Yunnan. It faces Lan Cang River on the east, and stops at Nujiang River on the west. Biluo Snow mountain is also called the “Mountain of thousands of Waterfalls and lakes”, indicating the rich in the beautiful landscapes.
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve
It runs through the southern section of Hengduan Mountains from south to north. Covering a total area of 120,000 hectares with forest coverage of 85%. It is characterized by its natural landscape of biological and climate vertical belts, various types of vegetation, and a great variety of plants and animals.
Useful Travel Tips
► A police checkpoint cum ticket office just before Bingzhongluo will force you to cough up some dough for a ticket to the ‘scenic area’. Unless you can pass for a local or arrive late in the evening this will be unavoidable.
► If you go to visit the Dulong river or Qiunatong, prepare walking shoes.
► Take personal goods such as rain gear, sunscreen and medicine, etc.
► Respect the customs and habits of ethnic minorities.
►Due to the inconvenience of transportation, the best traveling way is car-rental.