Chinese Name: 昆明动物园
Chinese Pinyin: Kun Ming Dong Wu Yuan
English Name: Kunming Zoo
Type: Zoo, Natural Landmarks
Best Time: All the year aroud
Recommended Visiting Hours: 1-2 hours
Opening Hours: 8:00-18:00
Admission Fee: 20 yuan/person
Location: Located in Yuantong Hill which is in the northern part of the urban area
Kunming Zoo, also called Yuantong Mountain Zoo, located in the Yuantong Mountain, northern section of Qingnian Road, northeast of Kunming city. Founded in 1953, with about 200 kinds of Yunnan specialty animals and rare animals in the world, Kunming zoo is one of the national top ten zoos and seven major zoos in China. As one of the eight scenes of Kunming, Yuantong Mountain is a willow leaf that is long and narrow. It covers a total area of 26 hectares and presents the most abundant and the most visited park in Kunming. The annual visitor even has reached 3 million people. The most attractive things are flower boom, animal and temple. Yuantong flower boom is regard as the most especial activity and is listed as one of the famous spots to appreciate sakura in China.
Environment of Kunming Zoo
Kunming zoo lies in the urban area, but it is really a natural wonderland. Picturesque rocks and verdant trees are well designed from a delightful contrast. At present, the green area surpasses 70%. With infrequent flowers and trees, Kunming zoo can be divided into four flower areas. We can appreciate elegant lotus in the summer days, admiring the golden chrysanthemum and fragrant osmanthus in autumn and enjoying the wintersweet, camellias, and magnolia bloom. The most impressed area is the spring flower area. It is located in the north of the slope and planted thousands of cherry blossoms, Malus spectabilis. It’s a great pleasure to appreciate the landscape of cherry trees in lovely spring. What’s more, the forest flowers exhibition area are divided into Japanese cherry, midget crabapple, osmanthus fragrans, plum and flowering peach area. Especially for the boom of cherry and midget crabapple which seems like the rosy clouds. It is the most popular scene that named “Yuantong flower boom” in the zoo.
Main Attractions in Kunming Zoo
Yuantong Flower Boom: Cherry blossoms and crabapple trees areas are 100 meters long and 200 meters wide at the center of Kunming Zoo. It mainly grows Yunnan cherry, Japanese cherry and Chinese flowering quince. In the lovely spring, thousands of flowers blossom together just like the rosy clouds formed into delightful scenery called “Luofeng Cherry Boom”. People listed it into one of the Kunming sixteen attractive scenes called “Yuantong Flower Boom”.
The animal exhibit area: It is next to the cherry blossom area. It was built in 1953 and at that time only 7 animals of six species displayed and it jumped to 2634 animals of 228 species. There are macrofauna area, meiofauna area, songbird area and Waterfowl area. Not only contains the Yunnan rare animals such as Xishuangbanna elephants, buffalo, brown hornbill and Mengla tiger, black tailed python, but also have domestic rare animals like golden monkey, tiger, gyps himalayensis; as well as foreign animals such as red kangaroo, emu and African zebra.
Macrofauna area: It is centered in the East and north of the Luofeng Mountain. By the end of January 13, 2017, there lives the major macrofauna animals as follows: Xishuangbanna Buffalo, Asian elephant, Bengal tiger, the Siberian tiger, African lion, African zebra, chimpanzee, bactrian camel, giraffe, ostrich, emu, Oryx, yak, black bear, sun bear, Tibetan brown bear etc.. . Panda was also on display here in the past.
Meiofauna area: In the southeast of the park, you can see the following meiofauna animals: Francois’s monkey, black gibbon, lesser panda, Assamese macaque, patas monkey, rhesus, Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, white-checked gibbon, red kangaroo, raccoon and thin Tail Mongoose, auricle fox, porcupine, wild boar, wolf, jackal, and Himalayan vulture.
Songbird area: In the west of the macrofauna area, within the cherry blossom and Begonia areas are Songbird area. There displays peacock, parrots, cassowary, grackle, oriole, hornbill, adjutant bird, Marabou, flamingo etc…
Waterfowl area: In the east of small animal area, people take advantage of mountain and rock built a water area. The main waterfowl here is mandarin ducks, wild ducks, black swans, white swans, warts, nose swans and so on.
What’s more, in the east of songbird area, there is a snake park (it costs 10RMB as ticket), and the main exhibition of snakes: cobra, coral snake, green bamboo snake, welding head snake, black-tailed python, monitor, estuarine crocodile, Chinese alligator, macaw etc…
Aquarium: In April 1994, the Dalian Green (Group) company invested 5 million 800 thousand yuan in Kunming zoo to build the first aquarium in the southwest area. It covers an area of 1886 square meters and opened in April 1995. There displayed fish, penguins and other special animals over 100 kinds, and you can find seal performance here.
Peacock Garden: From May 1998 to January 1999, on the basis of the tea garden, Peacock Garden was built with an area of 1.4 hectares. It was officially opened in February 1999. Visitors could directly go into the garden to see the peacock. Initially there keeps Green Peacock 30, blue peacock 56 and white peacock 25. It’s an effective attempt to reform animal breed ways.
Historic Sites of Kunming Zoo
1. The Ming Dynasty city wall stump: at the northeast of Yuantong Mountain, there stands the city wall stump which built in the Hongwu fifteen years (1382). In 1961, Kunming people’s Committee listed it as the Kunming municipal cultural relic’s protection units. The existing wall stump has the length of 44 meters and it is the remains of Yunnan old city in six hundred years ago and the precious materials to explore the history of Kunming.
2. The Tomb of Tang Jiyao: in 1931, the tomb of Tang Jiyao was built by the Yunnan provincial government. It is the historical and cultural sites under government protection in the Yunnan province. This tomb was built by dome shaped stone in 5.8 meters high and 18 meters in diameter. Before the tomb line, there are Stone gate, stone lion and stone marker. Sun Yat-sen and Li Yuanhong decorated inscriptions on both sides in order to commemorate him. However, the tomb of Tang jiyao was partially damaged during the Great Cultural Revolution.
Yuantong Temple: Yuantong Temple is one of the oldest Buddhist monasteries in Kunming with a history of more than 1200 years. It is also the largest temple in Kunming. Yuantong temple sites have tall spectacular Yuantong Shengjingfang, Yuantong Palace, Octagonal Pavilion and at present the only one Theravada Buddhism of the China mainland—copper buddist hall. The copper Buddha sitting statue inside the hall (3.5 meters high, weighing 4 tons) and Yuantong Palace Sakyamuni statue are in different shapes and show the differences between the two sect of Buddhism. Yuantong Temple looks magnificent, towering and the Buddha is solemn, pavilions are unique, trees are green, attracts generations of poets and painters left many praise verse here, and it has been one of the eight sights of Kunming. Now, after reparation, it shows more its elegant appearance, like a beautiful garden in regions south of the Yangtze River.
How to Get there?
Take bus No.4 to the Yuantongshan station
It costs 15 RMB by taking a taxi from downtown of Kunming.
1. Be careful if you want to be photographed with a tiger or other wild animal because a camera flash may startle the animal.
2. Pay attention to the perform time,if you want to watch the elephant s’ performing (they are tortured in order to perform for you).