Culture of Benzilan Town in Deqin County, Diqing

Benzilan ancient history. 

Tang and Song dynasties, benzilan southwest into Tibet Road, Yunnan and Tibet by the “Tea Horse Road” in the throat. Fifty-eight years of Qing Emperor Kangxi (1719), the Qing Tibet, along with the military, workers, craftsmen, prospecting of Han Chinese immigration, intermarriage and Tibetan, multiply their descendants, it has been passed in benzilan several generations. Benzilan called in Tibetan “doll pull”, meaning “beautiful sand bar”, after the transliteration of “benzilan” still in use.

  Benzilan both mountain valley village, there are alpine mountains, fertile soil, high grain yield, good natural ecological environment, the village has ancient and famous trees. Village yard, Jinsha River from north to south through the whole territory, near the mountain “Day Niba Wu”, “cloth Yong science cloth”, waterside Temple, the village and around the Sule Pagoda and Sule Pagoda turning the temple, traditional religions culture rich color. Villages pattern remained traditional style, residential buildings preserved towers of wood construction accounted for more than 99%. Draw in the Qing Dynasty pagoda temple mural benzilan is the sixth installment of Yunnan provincial cultural relics protection units, mural 3 units with a total area of over 270 square meters, skilled, well-preserved. Benzilan located in Yunnan thoroughfare, 214 State Line Road through the village, traffic is very convenient.

 Benzilan have five villages, each village has a Buddhist community organizations “ancient tile”, each year, the ritual, worship gods other activities by the “old tile” in charge of arrangements, all believe in Tibetan Buddhism, Buddhism, Bon infiltrated all aspects of social life. Customs intact, such as building practices, including the choice of sites, selection, housing, into the room, chanting, etc. fasting process, a set of Fiesta. New Year every year various worship god, to God, to worship the mountain god and other activities by the “warehouse Pakistan” (who presided over the ritual) to organize village. Weddings and festivals customs strictly follow the traditional methods. There funeral burial, water burial, cremation, funeral towers, burial and other forms. The village is 1999 Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture government named the “characteristics of traditional art village”, many kinds of traditional folk songs and dances, spread widely. There are folk songs, work songs, customs and songs, children’s songs, love songs, guess tune like. Cheerful melody and smooth, rhythmic, melody most resounding loud. There are pot village dance dance, harp dance, love dance and religious dance, sing and dance, mostly combined. Benzilan pot village dance is very popular, a large range of motion dance, dancers pants fell to the ground, upper body and elegant, diverse movement, sound bold, both Goju, acting freely smart, inclusive of the various characteristics of the Tibetan village of pot, a high Reputation. Love dance is a dance when young men and women falling in love together, men and women singing with the music and dance in two rows facing each other, hands-sleeved dancing, rhythm cheerful, vigorous and effective.

 Traditional sports and entertainment activities including cattle pull “Georgia on Me”, stoning cake “called off”, bullfighting, wrestling, climbing, hold boulder competitions; shuttlecock, double simulate fighting sheep bullfighting, of chicken, simulation drill cave, turning pancakes Wait. Major festivals Spring Festival, the lunar calendar July 15 Kamiyama Festival, the lunar calendar Lotus Lantern Festival in August, October 25 Tibetan Gelugpa founder Tsongkhapa died memorial day and so on. Spring said in the Tibetan language, “Luo color”, meaning New Year festival for the annual lunar month to month XXV, worship the mountain, pray for peace good luck, have a flourishing population, bumper harvest; conduct Bon festival, sense 恩佛祖, mountain gave auspicious human happiness, safe and happy. Spring Festival to the most distinctive, reflecting the strong ethnic and regional.

 Benzilan coordination Tibetan women’s clothing colorful, elegant and dignified, usually wear the traditional Tibetan costume, wearing inlaid with coral, agate, turquoise, gold and silver ornaments and other fossil seashells. Men also wear traditional clothing, the clothing is not animal fur inserts, not wear waist, fully embodies the virtues benzilan people ecological protection, caring nature. Folk literature occupies an important position in traditional Tibetan culture, benzilan existing myths, songs, proverbs, mostly oral tradition. Popular Tibetan folk medicine, Tibetan murals skilled. A complete Tibetan highland barley wine brewing techniques, wooden bowls, tsampa boxes, butter boxes, wooden cups, wooden plates, wooden plates, Tibetan folding table and other fine wood craftsmanship, famous. Traditional handicrafts, handmade textiles more features, including the rubbing wool, weaving Pulu, yak blankets, cashmere blankets and Tibetan belt. According to projections snowy seasons seasonal special environment of the Tibetan calendar, still in use.