Wuliangshan Mountain in Yunnan

Wuliangshan Mountain

Wuliang Mountain, formerly known as Mengle mountain (蒙乐山), is located in the west of Jingdong Yi Autonomous County, Pu’er City, Yunnan Province, between 23 ° 57 ‘- 24 ° 44’ n and 100 ° 22 ‘- 101 ° 04’ E. Jingdong Yi Autonomous County covers an area of 2581 square kilometers. Wuliang Shan starts from Nanjian Yi Autonomous County in the northwest and extends to Zhenyuan (镇沅), Jinggu (景谷)and other places in the southwest, Lancang River in the West and Chuanhe River (川河) in the East.
Wuliang Mountain, known as Mengle mountain in ancient times, is named after the meaning of “towering into the clouds, immeasurable in the area”. The mountain branches extend to the East and West and area in the shape of a fan. The geological structure includes limestone, sandstone, shale, low valley, flat dam and hills. Coniferous, broad-leaved and mixed forests grow here. Except growing the Widely distributed Simao Pine, rare and precious trees also grow here. There are tigers, leopards, bears, deer, boars, monkeys, donkeys, rock sheep, water deer, peacocks, silver pheasants and other animals in the primitive forest.

Introduction of Wuliangshan Mountain

Wuliangshan National Nature Reserve is located in the southeast of Nanjian County, in the middle and upper part of Wuliangshan Mountain. The west part is the Lancang River Valley. It is a narrow strip with a length of 33 kilometers from north to south and 6 kilometers from east to west. The total area of the reserve is 7583 hectares.

Reserve covers an area of 230 square kilometers, stretching 50 kilometers from north to south and 7 kilometers from east to west. At the joint of Hengduan Mountain Ranges and Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, Wuliang Mountain Nature Reserve is included in the sub-valley area of the south part of Hengduan Mountain Ranges.


The climate zone here is between mid subtropical and south subtropical zones.

Rare Plants

Over 1,500 species of higher plants can be found in the nature reserve and the natural conditions are quite variable. The vegetation exhibits a coverage percentage of 91 and boasts flora families such as Fagaceae, Theaceae, Lauraceae and Magnoliaceae etc, including Pinus kesiya (Simao pine), Pinus yunnanensis (Yunnan pine or Burma pine), dumosa, Tetracentraceae, Alcimandra cathcartii (long-pistil magnolia), red magnolia, Pterospermum kingtungense, Acrocarpus fraxinifolius, Mangifera sylvatica, longan, red Chinese toon, Rhododendron, Chinese torreya, tree fern, Michelia floribunda (multi-flower michelia) and Chinese yew etc. Complicated but favorable natural conditions have created cozy shelters and habitats for wild lives.

Rare Animals

Protected rare animals in Wuliang Mountain Nature Reserve include black gibbon, slow Loris, tiger, leopard, golden cat, zibet, sambar deer, musk deer, goral, mandarin duck, and green peacock etc. There are approximately 271 species of birds, accounting for 23 percent in China and 35 percent in Yunnan Province.

Cherry Blossoms Valley

Cherry Blossoms Valley of Wuliangshan is in the tea plantation of Huaqing Tea Company of Dali. Many Taiwanese merchants rented this tea garden many years ago. Because of the growth of tea trees, they planted winter cherry blossoms in the tea garden. A few years later, as the cherry tree grows up, the gorgeous photos have brought a considerable tourism industry to the local area, and it has become a popular tourist destination favored by many people in a short time. 

They are open from late November to mid-December every winter, and the flowering period lasts for about 25 days. Therefore, people who want to see the cherry blossom valley style must confirm the flowering period.