Xingmeng Mongol Ethnic Town in Tonghai County, Yuxi

Xingmeng Mongolian Township (兴蒙蒙古族乡) is situated west of Tonghai County’s urban area in Yuxi City, Yunnan Province. It shares borders with Hexi Town to the east, and is adjacent to both Hexi Town and Jiulong Street to the south. Connecting westward with Hexi Town, and northward adjoining Hexi Town, the township government is located 10 kilometers from the county seat. As of the end of 2019, the township had a registered population of 5,871 people, covering a total area of 4.77 square kilometers.

Administrative History

  • Yuan Dynasty: Originating as villages for Mongolian cavalry logistics along the Fenghuang Mountains, divided into Shangying, Zhongying, and Xiaying, with the main camp in Xiaying.
  • 1984: Renamed from Xingmeng Daqian to Xingmeng Mongolian Township.
  • June 2020: Administers 3 administrative villages, with the township government located at Xingmeng Second Group.

Administrative Divisions

  • Republic of China (1940): Administered Jiejia Ying, Shishanzui, and Xingmeng.
  • 2011: Administered 1 village committee with 6 village groups, encompassing 5 natural villages.
  • June 2020: Administers 3 administrative villages: Baigezhong Village, Xiavillage, and Taojiazhui Village; township government at Xingmeng Second Group.

Geographical Environment

Location and Area

Located west of Tonghai County, Yunnan Province, Xingmeng Mongolian Township spans 4.77 square kilometers. It is surrounded by Hexi Town to the east, south, west, and north.

Terrain and Landforms

Slopes northwest to southeast. Includes Fengshan, with highest point at 1800 meters altitude, and lowest at 1792 meters in Taojiazhui.


Belongs to Pearl River Basin, with major rivers: Hongqi River, Baodao Gou, Xigan Gou, Qingshui Gou, and Zhongcun River. Total river length is 6.8 kilometers.

Natural Resources

In 2011, cultivated area was 3,312 mu.


  • 2011: 319 Provincial Road Yutong Expressway, 3.74 kilometers, dual four-lane, connects Yuxi and Kunming.
  • Local Roads: 4 county and township roads totaling 10.36 kilometers.

Historical and Cultural Significance

Origin of the Name

Changed from “Xinmeng” to “Xingmeng” in 1984, symbolizing hope for Mongolian ethnic group prosperity.

Folk Art

Includes cigarette box dance, four-string dance, color lira dance, Mopi Yi drum dance, caodun dance, chopstick dance, and Yi legend “Hebai Zu Da Wang”.