Xuanfu Chieftain House in Menglian County, Puer
English Name: Xuanfu Chieftain House in Menglian County, Puer
Chinese Pinying: Meng Lian Xuan Fu Si Shu
Scenic level: AAAA tourist attraction
Location: Menglian County, Pu'er City, Yunnan Province
Opening hours: all day
Tickets: 10 yuan
Self-driving route: Menglian County People's Congress - Chengxi Road - Menglian Xuanfu Department
Where is Xuanfu Chieftain House
Xuanfu Chieftain House is located in Nayun Town, Menglian County, Puer City. Xuanfu Chieftain House, covering an area of more than 10,000 square meters, is the headquarters government office of Yunnan in Qing Dynasty, and is the best preserved among the 18 Chieftain-bureaucratic in Yunnan. In 1965, Menglian Chieftain House was listed as a provincial key cultural relics protection unit. It is not only a witness to the history of the Yi people, but also a symbol of the unity and friendship of the 14 inhabitants of Menglian. The Xuanfu Chieftain House has attracted the attention of experts and scholars, attracting the attention of many media, attracting the gathering of tourists and becoming one of the most attractive ancient buildings in Yunnan Province.
History of Xuanfu Chieftain House
Xuanfu Chieftain House was founded in Ming Dynasty(1406), destroyed in the 27th year of Qing Dynasty (1762), the existing building was rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty (1878), sitting north and facing south. It covers an area of 6,738.19 square meters and the building area of 3,400 square meters. It consists of the Chamber of Commerce, the main hall, the east wing room, the west wing room, the door hall, and the kitchen. The main hall of the Menglian Xuanfu Chieftain House is the three-story dry-column wooden house with a length of 23.2 meters, a width of 10.2 meters and a height of 10.2 meters. The base column has six rows and 47 columns, which are arranged symmetrically.
Why is Xuanfu Chieftain House so special
This ancient building is well preserved, blending the features of Dai culture and Han architecture. The rule of the Dai hereditary officer has lasted for more than 500 years since the Ming and Qing dynasties.
What to see in Xuanfu Chieftain House
Going to the second floor of the Chamber of Commerce, this is the place where officer worked. The platform that stands at the forefront of the house is the “throne” of the house. The high-rise flags and ceremonies are on both sides of the throne, and two golden umbrellas with gemstones are particularly eye-catching. In the past, Dao’s officer summoned the heads of the Yi, Lahu, and Yi people to discuss things here, and the time has passed for hundreds of years. The light is dim, especially in the sense of being strict and old.
Passing through the Chamber of Commerce, you will arrive at the back garden, where a variety of tropical plants and flowers are planted, and the sun is shining with warm flowers. A large piece of red bougainvillea climbs between the walls, and the tree tomato hangs from the wall with the flaming, orange-yellow fruit, decorating the gray-brown wall. The main hall is connected to the Chamber of the Chamber through a small arch bridge. The first floor of the first floor is a gabbled roof building. It is the living room of Dao’s officer and their wives. The left and right wing rooms are also the first floor and the bottom of the gabbled roof. They are symmetrical along the corridor and are integrated with the main hall. Compared with the Chamber of Deputies, the main hall is obviously much more gorgeous. Numerous golden pillars and the golden carved arches of the underarms and the complex and magnificent corbel arch are complemented by the brown-red wooden building, making the title of “Golden Royal Palace” worthy of the name. In the glass window of the wing room, there are the blue embroidered robes and the black silk satin six-faced dynasty robes, as well as the printed letters, the literary classics, the toast household items, which are displayed on the glass window of the Qing Dynasty. It provides valuable historical materials for the study of local ethnic history.
These cultural relics with historical value and artistic value are precious material materials for studying the history of Menglian and the system of the Chieftain, reflecting the history of the implementation of the Chieftain system in the frontier ethnic areas of the province during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. At the same time, it is also a typical representative of the border region to defend the country and maintain the unity of all ethnic groups.
How to Get to Xuanfu Chieftain House
1. Lancang Jingmai Airport
Lancang Jingmai Airport is located in Donghui Town, Lancang County, Pu’er and is 30 kilometers away from the seat of Menglian County, which is the closest airport away from Menglian County.
2. Pu’er Simao Airport
Pu’er Simao Airport is 220 kilometers away from the seat of Menglian County.
3. Xishuangbanna Gasa International Airport
Xishuangbanna Gasa International Airport is 128 kilometers away from the seat of Menglian County.
Pu’er Railway Station is the middle station of the Yumo Railway under construction and an important station for the Laos section of the Trans-Asian Railway. It is expected to be put into use by 2020.
By Long-distance Bus
There is the Passenger Station in Menglian Dai, Lahu and Wa Autonomous County for people to get in.
4.Menglian County–Xuanfu Chieftain House
Take the taxi or rent a car to go to the Xuanfu Chieftain House.
Where to Stay in Mojiang County
Mojiang County is a county under the jurisdiction of Pu’er City, Yunnan Province, China. There are many hotels around Mojiang County. Yunnan Exploration will provide the best hotels for you. The recommended hotels are as follows:
1. Chengwaicheng Inn(城外诚客栈)
Add: Shuangbao Avenue, Mojiang Hani Autonomous County(墨江哈尼族自治县双胞大道)
2. Huigui Grand Hotel(回归大酒店)
Add: No.69 Xinjian Road, Mojiang Hani Autonomous County(墨江哈尼族自治县新建路69号)
3. Mojiang Suixi Ethnic Inn(墨江随喜民族客栈)
Add: Taiyangcheng, Mojiang Hani Autonomous County(墨江哈尼族自治县太阳城)
4. Beihuiguixian Hotel(北回归线酒店)
Add: North Side of Moon Square, Shuangbao Avenu
5. Shuangbao Hotel(双胞大酒店)
Add: Opposite of Passenger Station, No. 5 Huigui Avenue(回归大道5号客运站对面)
6. Puer Mijing Qiyuan Ethnic Theme Hotel(普洱秘境奇缘民族主题酒店)
Add: Next to Yinghuagu, Shuangbao Xiaozhen, Lianzhu Town, Mojiang County, Puer (普洱墨江联珠镇双胞小镇樱花谷旁)
7. Shuangzixing Hotel (双子星大酒店)
Add: Building 8, No. 1, Phase II, Fenghuang Xincheng, Nanpian District, Mojiang(墨江南片区凤凰新城二期1号8栋)
Best Time to Visit
It is suitable to visit Menglian all year round. Like many other cities in Yunnan, Menglian is a place where the seasons are like spring. There is no cold, no heat, warm and humid, especially suitable for human habitation, so you can go to Menglian at any time.
When you traveling Pu’er, Mojiang County is a good place to be put on your list. It can be joined in whatever your Pu’er tour or Yunnan Tour.
1.There are many ethnic minorities living here, such as Lahu, Hani, Wa and Yi. Varied customs make it a colorful city. Eating habits, ceremonies, costumes and folk legends can all be a strong attraction for people who are visiting. In addition, the city is the hometown of the well known Puer Tea, and the local people have diversified ways of handling tea, such as bamboo tube tea, cold tea dish, earth-pot tea and baked tea; all of which you should try.
2.Enjoying a plateau monsoon climate at low latitude, the region is affected by the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Therefore, the main features of its weather are mildness and humidity without strong winds.
3.Special Local Products: Puer Tea, bamboo shoot, edible fungi, purple rice, mango.
4.Sino-Burma Street, just opposite the Minzu Square, is a place of exotic atmosphere, where you can find plenty of treasures, cosmetics at a duty-free price, along with imported goods and food from Thailand. It is a dazzling place.
5.Visit the Menglian Xuanfu Chieftain House. If you follow the tour group tour, the tour guide will explain the human geography of the Menglian Xuanfu Chieftain House. If it is a self-guided tour, you must refer to the Menglian Xuanfu Chieftain House must go to the attractions recommended. Finally, it is essential to travel with friends and relatives. Photographs are used to record the joyful mood in the Menglian Xuanfu Chieftain House.